Sleep Related Statistics

Are sleeping problems really such a big deal?

Yes!!! Consider the following:

Sleep Disorder Related Statistics

  • 50-70 million adults in the U.S.A. have a sleep disorder
  • 48.0% of American adults report snoring
  • 37.9% of American adults report non-deliberate sleep on-set during the day at least once in the preceding month
  • 4.7% adult Americans report dozing off while driving at least once a month
  • Driving while sleepy is responsible for 1,550 fatalities and 40,000 nonfatal injuries annually in the United States
  • Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder with multiple related problems reported by about 30% of American adults
  • Chronic insomnia, defined as having insomnia most nights for more than 6 months, is reported by 10% of adult Americans
  • 25 Million U.S. adults have obstructive sleep apnea
  • 9-21% of U.S. women have obstructive sleep apnea
  • 24-31% of U.A. men have obstructive sleep apnea
  • There is plausible scientific hypothesis linking sleep deprivation to obesity
  • 40% of Americans aged 40 – 59 report short sleep duration
  • 37% of Americans aged 20 – 39 report having difficulty sleeping
  • Only 35.3% of American adults report getting an average of 7 hours of sleep during a typical 24-hour period.

Of Course there’s INSOMNIA,
but did you know about these other sleep disorders???

Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Disorder – this occurs when the upper airway is physically obstructed
Central Sleep Apnea Aisorder – this occurs when the brain doesn’t send proper signals to the muscles used to control breathing

Disorders of Hypersomnolence

These disorders are characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and prolonged nighttime sleep. They include Narcolepsy types I & II, Hypersomnia (oversleeping), and Insufficient Sleep Syndrome (sleeping excessively but without feeling rested).

Circadian Rhythm Sleep/Wake Disorders

These disorders are characterized by daytime sleepiness, insomnia or both. Some Circadian rhythm sleep/wake disorders are Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome, Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome, Non-24 hour Sleep/Wake Syndrome, Irregular Sleep/Wake Rhythm, Shift-work Sleep Disorder and Jet Lag. (Jet lag occurs when the sleep/wake cycle is competing with the circadian rhythm while trying to adjust to a specific time zone)

Parasomnias

PLMS (Characterized by periodic limb movements that prevent REM sleep by slightly arousing the sleeper throughout the night)

Sleep-Related Movement Disorders (Characterized by repetitive movements during sleep that causes full awakening)

Sleep Walking – Also known as Somnambulism, sleep walking involves walking around in a state of sleep.

Sleep Talking – Talking when sleeping can either be indecipherable or clear and coherent.

Night Terrors – These are dreams that cause enormous distress upon awakening. The person may awake screaming but is typically unable to describe or recall the “dream” in any significant way.

SO HOW MUCH SLEEP DO WE ACTUALLY NEED???

  • Adults typically need 7 – 9 hours of sleep per night 7 – 9 hours (at least 6 but not more than 10)
  • Teenagers need between 8 – 10 hours of sleep per night
  • Children ages 6 – 12 years need between 9 and 10 hours of sleep per night
  • Children ages 3 – 5 years need between 10 – 13 hours of sleep per night (including naps)
  • Children ages 1 – 2 year need between 11 – 14 hours of sleep per night (including naps)
  • Infants aged 4 -12 months need between 12 – 16 hours of sleep per 24-hour period (including naps)

Resources and Self-Education

Leading Authorities on Sleep Disorders

  • American Academy of Sleep Medicine (www.aasm.org)
  • American Sleep Association (www.sleepassociation.org)
  • National Sleep Foundation (www.thensf.org)

Evidence-based Research Articles

Mayo Clinic: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355167
Medical News Today: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/9155
Sleep Disorders Guide: https://www.sleepdisordersguide.com/article/sleep-disorders/insomnia-symptoms-insomnia-symptom-restless-sleep-symptoms-of-insomnia
Oxford Academic: https://academic.oup.com/sleep/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/sleep/zsaa171/5901605?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Sleep Foundation: https://www.sleepfoundation.org/insomnia/insomnia-you/insomnia-women

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